Writing an Outbreak Report (I is for Investigation, Session 6)
Length: 40 minutes
This presentation developed by Sarah E. Pfau, MPH and Kim Brunette, MPH and recorded by Jennifer A. Horney, MPH gives you an overview of outbreak reports and their critical components.
These learning modules are applicable to all public health, medical, veterinary, pharmacy, emergency management, hospital and other professionals interested in public health preparedness. These modules are created by faculty and guest lecturers at the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health.
- Understand the role of outbreak investigation reports
- Recognize the different types of reports
- Recognize elements to include in outbreak investigation reports
Competencies and Capability Functions Addressed
This training addresses selected applied epidemiology, core public health, and public health preparedness and response competencies and public health preparedness capability functions as noted below. (Please note: The following training does not provide comprehensive or in-depth treatment of specified competencies or capability functions, it provides basic knowledge of the competencies or capability functions listed below.)
|Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 1|
|Identify methods and content for communication of epidemiologic findings (III.A.1)|
|Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 2|
|Identify audience, methods, and content for communication of epidemiologic findings (III.A.1)|
|Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals|
|5) Presents demographic, statistical, programmatic, and scientific information for use by professional and lay audiences (3: Communication Skills)|
|Public Health Preparedness Capabilities|
|Capability 13, Function 2: Conduct public health and epidemiological investigations|
|Public Health Preparedness & Response Core Competencies|
|2.1. Manage information related to an emergency.|
Ashford DA, Kaiser RM, Bates ME, Schutt K, Patrawalla A, McShan A, Tappero JW, Perkins BA, Dannenberg AL. Planning against biological terrorism: Lessons from Outbreak Investigations. Emerg Infect Dis 2003;9:515-9.
Conducting an Outbreak Investigation. The North Carolina Communicable Disease Control Manual, North Carolina Division of Public Health. Accessed at
Consumers Advised That Recent Hepatitis A Outbreaks Have Been Associated With Green Onions. FDA Talk Paper. November 15, 2003. Assessed 10/13/2004
Den Boer JW, Yzerman PF, Schellekens J, et al. A large outbreak of Legionnaires' disease at a flower show, the Netherlands, 1999. Emerg Infect Dis 2002;8:37-43.
Fontham ETH, Correa P, Wu-Williams A, Reynolds P, Greenberg RS, Buffler PA, et al. Lung cancer in nonsmoking women: a multicenter case-control study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 1991;1:35-43.
Gaudet, M. (2003). Suggestions for Critically Evaluating an Epidemiologic Study Report. Handout developed for the UNC Chapel Hill School of Public Health EPID 160 course "Principles of Epidemiology."
Goode B. Outbreak of E. coli 0157:H7 at the North Carolina State Fair - 2004. EpiNotes, North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Public Health. Accessed at
Gordis, L. Epidemiology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Company; 2000.
Greenberg RS, Daniels SR, Flanders WD, Eley JW, Boring JR. Medical epidemiology. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.
Guidelines for EPI-AID Investigations. Division of Applied Public Health Training, Epidemiology Program Office, CDC.
Hepatitis A Outbreak Associated with Green Onions at a Restaurant --- Monaca, Pennsylvania. MMWR 2003;52(47);1155-1157
International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals: writing and editing for biomedical publication. Updated November 2003.
http://www.icmje.org/ Accessed August 19, 2004.
Last JM, editor. A dictionary of epidemiology. 4th ed. Oxford University Press; 2001.
Levine, S. Redinger, C. and Robert, W. (September / October 2001). Community Exposure Assessment and Intervention Effectiveness at Trinity American Corporation, Glenola, North Carolina. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. 62: 649-657.
Massachusetts Foodborne Illness Investigation and Control Reference Manual.
Millikan B. How to read a scientific article.
http://cbcs.med.unc.edu/howto.htm Accessed July 26, 2004.
Pneumocystis Pneumonia - Los Angeles. 1981 MMWR 30(21);1-3.
PubMed database, National Library of Medicine. Available online at
Reigelman RK. Studying a study and testing a test: how to read the medical evidence. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000.
Rothman KJ. Modern epidemiology. Boston: Little, Brown and Company; 1986.
Savitz DA. Interpreting epidemiologic evidence: strategies for study design and analysis. Oxford University Press; 2003.
The Outbreak Investigation Report, power point presentation by Arnold Bosman and Meirion Evans. Epiet. Accessed at
Update: Multistate Outbreak of Monkeypox - Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconson, 2003. MMWR 52(23);537-540
Zhong L, Goldberg MS, Parent M, Hanley JA. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and the risk of lung cancer: a meta-analysis. Lung Cancer 2000;27:3-18.
Jennifer Horney, MPH
The author(s) and reviewer(s) of this training have no personal financial relationships with commercial interests relevant to this presentation to disclose.
Continuing Education Credit:
The UNC Center for Public Health Preparedness offers the following continuing education credit/s on this training. Eligibility for all continuing education credit is determined on an annual basis.
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