Rapid Needs Assessments and GIS (FOCUS, Volume 5.3)
Length: 40 minutes
This issue of FOCUS describes how to conduct a rapid needs assessment, and how to use geographic information systems to help gather and analyze information more quickly and efficiently.
These trainings are applicable to all public health, medical, veterinary, pharmacy, emergency management, hospital, and other professionals interested in public health preparedness and field epidemiology. The periodicals and supplemental material are created by doctoral students and graduates of the UNC-CH Department of Epidemiology and reviewed by UNC-CH School of Public Health faculty and topic experts.
- Describe the methodology to conduct a rapid needs assessment
- Describe ways in which geographic information systems can enhance a rapid needs assessment
- Provide examples of rapid needs assessments conducted by public health organizations
Competencies and Capability Functions Addressed
This training addresses selected applied epidemiology, core public health, and public health preparedness and response competencies and public health preparedness capability functions as noted below. (Please note: The following training does not provide comprehensive or in-depth treatment of specified competencies or capability functions, it provides basic knowledge of the competencies or capability functions listed below.)
|Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals|
|4) Uses methods and instruments for collecting valid and reliable quantitative and qualitative data (1: Analytic/Assessment Skills)|
|11) Uses information technology to collect, store, and retrieve data (1: Analytic/Assessment Skills)|
|Public Health Preparedness Capabilities|
|Capability 13, Function 2: Conduct public health and epidemiological investigations|
|Public Health Preparedness & Response Core Competencies|
|2.4. Collect data according to protocol.|
Surveillance and rapid needs assessment. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web site. http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/hsb/disaster/surveillance.htm. Accessed April 24, 2008.
Lillibridge SR, Noji EK, Burkle FM. Disaster assessment: The emergency health evaluation of a population affected by a disaster. Ann Emerg Med. 1993;22:1715-1720.
World Health Organization. Rapid health assessment protocols for emergencies. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1999:1.
Frerichs RR. Rapid surveys. Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles Web site. http://www.ph.ucla.edu/epi/rapidsurvey.html. Updated May 26, 2008. Accessed June 4, 2008.
Lemenshow S, Robinson D. Surveys to measure programme coverage and impact: A review of the methodology used by the Expanded Programme on Immunization. World Health Stat Q. 1985;38:65-75.
Hlady WG, Quenemoen LE, Armenia-Cope RR et al. Use of a modified cluster sampling method to perform rapid needs assessment after Hurricane Andrew. Ann Emerg Med. 1994;23(4):719-725.
Malilay J, Flanders WD, Brogan D. A modified cluster-sampling method for post-disaster rapid assessment of needs. Bull World Health Organ. 1996;74(4):399-405.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Rapid community health and needs assessments after Hurricanes Isabel and Charley-North Carolina, 2003-2004. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2004;53:840-842.
Frerichs RR, Shaheen MA. Small-community-based surveys. Annu Rev Public Health. 2001;22:231-247.
Horney J, Snider C, Gammons L, Ramsey S. Factors associated with hurricane preparedness: Results of a pre-hurricane assessment. J Natural Dis. 2008;3(2):143-149.
Morgan Johnson, MPH
The author(s) and reviewer(s) of this training have no personal financial relationships with commercial interests relevant to this presentation to disclose.
Continuing Education Credit:
The UNC Center for Public Health Preparedness offers the following continuing education credit/s on this training. Eligibility for all continuing education credit is determined on an annual basis.
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