Mapping for Surveillance and Outbreak Investigation (FOCUS, Volume 5.2)
Length: 40 minutes
This issue of FOCUS discusses how maps can be used in field epidemiology practice, as well as some commonly-used computer software programs that can capture and analyze data and integrate them into a spatial display.
These trainings are applicable to all public health, medical, veterinary, pharmacy, emergency management, hospital, and other professionals interested in public health preparedness and field epidemiology. The periodicals and supplemental material are created by doctoral students and graduates of the UNC-CH Department of Epidemiology and reviewed by UNC-CH School of Public Health faculty and topic experts.
- Describe ways in which maps can be used in field epidemiology practice, particularly in surveillance activities and outbreak investigations
- Describe geographic information systems (GIS) and ways in which epidemiologists can use this software to display and analyze spatial data
- Provide examples of surveillance and outbreak investigation activities that have relied on GIS technology
- Describe global positioning systems (GPS) and ways in which epidemiologists can use this technology to increase capabilities during an outbreak investigation
Competencies and Capability Functions Addressed
This training addresses selected applied epidemiology, core public health, and public health preparedness and response competencies and public health preparedness capability functions as noted below. (Please note: The following training does not provide comprehensive or in-depth treatment of specified competencies or capability functions, it provides basic knowledge of the competencies or capability functions listed below.)
|Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals|
|10) Makes community-specific inferences from quantitative and qualitative data (e.g. risks and benefits to the community, health and resource needs) (1: Analytic/Assessment Skills)|
|11) Uses information technology to collect, store, and retrieve data (1: Analytic/Assessment Skills)|
|Public Health Preparedness Capabilities|
|Capability 13, Function 2: Conduct public health and epidemiological investigations|
|Public Health Preparedness & Response Core Competencies|
|2.4. Collect data according to protocol.|
|2.5. Manage the recording and/or transcription of data according to protocol.|
Tufte ER, The Visual Display of Quantative Information. 2nd ed. Cheshire, CT: Graphics Press, LLC; 1983:176.
Macgregor-Skinner G. Avian influenza H5N1: Getting our ducks in a row. Presentation at: 5th Annual "One Medicine" Symposium; December 12-13, 2007; Durham, NC.
Brooker S, Beasley M, Ndinaromtan M, et al. Use of remote sensing and a geographical information system in a national helminth control programme in Chad. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2002;80:783-789.
McKee KT, Shields TM, Jenkins PR, Zenilman JM, Glass GE. Application of a geographic information system to the tracking and control of an outbreak of shigellosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;31:728-733.
Gesink Law DC, Bernstein KT, Serre ML, et al. Modeling a syphilis outbreak through space and time using the Bayesian maximum entropy approach. Ann Epidemiol. 2006;16:797-804.
Law DCG, Serre ML, Christakos G, Leone PA, Miller WC. Spatial analysis and mapping of sexually transmitted diseases to optimise intervention and prevention strategies. Sex Transm Infect. 2004;80:294-299.
ArcPad-Mobile GIS software for field mapping applications. ESRI Web site. http://www.esri.com/software/arcgis/arcpad/index.html. Accessed April 23, 2008.
Holmes EE. Basic epidemiological concepts in a spatial context. In: Tilman D, Kareiva P, eds. Spatial Ecology : The Role of Space in Population Dynamics and Interspecific Interactions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press; 1997:111-136.
Dionne C.G. Law, PhD
The author(s) and reviewer(s) of this training have no personal financial relationships with commercial interests relevant to this presentation to disclose.
Continuing Education Credit:
The UNC Center for Public Health Preparedness offers the following continuing education credit/s on this training. Eligibility for all continuing education credit is determined on an annual basis.
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