Selecting a Study Design (FOCUS, Volume 2.4)
Length: 40 minutes
This issue of FOCUS describes two different types of study designs that you can use when conducting an outbreak investigation, so you can determine the best design for your situation.
These trainings are applicable to all public health, medical, veterinary, pharmacy, emergency management, hospital and other professionals interested in public health preparedness and field epidemiology. The periodicals and supplemental material are created by doctoral students and graduates of the UNC-CH Department of Epidemiology and reviewed by UNC-CH School of Public Health faculty and topic experts.
- Describe the cohort study design
- Describe the case-control study design
- Compare situations in which case-control and cohort study designs should be used
Competencies and Capability Functions Addressed
This training addresses selected applied epidemiology, core public health, and public health preparedness and response competencies and public health preparedness capability functions as noted below. (Please note: The following training does not provide comprehensive or in-depth treatment of specified competencies or capability functions, it provides basic knowledge of the competencies or capability functions listed below.)
|Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 1|
|Characterize investigative processes (I.C.3)|
|Applied Epidemiology Competencies Tier 2|
|Select investigative processes (I.C.3)|
|Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals|
|4) Uses methods and instruments for collecting valid and reliable quantitative and qualitative data (1: Analytic/Assessment Skills)|
|Public Health Preparedness Capabilities|
|Capability 13, Function 2: Conduct public health and epidemiological investigations|
|Public Health Preparedness & Response Core Competencies|
|2.5. Manage the recording and/or transcription of data according to protocol.|
- Dwyer DM, Strickler H, Goodman RA, Armenian HK. Use of case-control studies in outbreak investigations. Epidemiol Rev. 1994;16(1):109-123.
- MacDonald PM, Whitwam RE, Boggs JD, et al. Outbreak of Listeriosis among Mexican Immigrants as a Result of Consumption of Illicitly Produced Mexican-Style Cheese. Clin Infect Dis. 2005; 40:677-682.
- Jones TF. From pig to pacifier: chitterling-associated yersiniosis outbreak among black infants. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003;9(8):1007-1009.
- Keene WE, Markum AC, Samadpour M. Outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections caused by commercial piercing of upper ear cartilage. Jama. 2004;291(8):981-985.
The author(s) and reviewer(s) of this training have no personal financial relationships with commercial interests relevant to this presentation to disclose.
Continuing Education Credit:
The UNC Center for Public Health Preparedness offers the following continuing education credit/s on this training. Eligibility for all continuing education credit is determined on an annual basis.
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